Cassava, also called yuca (not to be confused with the ornamental plant yucca), tapioca, or manioc in other regions of the world, is a tropical root crop native to south america cassava belongs to the euphorbiaceae family, which is known for plants with milky sap and includes plants like poinsettias and spurge. Though the crop is produced in 24 of the country's 36 states, cassava production dominates the southern part of the country, both in terms of area covered and number of farmers growing the crop planting occurs during four planting seasons in the various geo-ecological zones.
Cassava is a highly-productive crop when considering food calories produced per unit land area, per unit of time significantly higher than other staple crops, cassava can produce food calories at rates exceeding 250 kcal/hectare/day, as compared with 176 for rice, 110 for wheat and 200 for maize (corn.
The market for cassava is on the rise as more uses for the crop are being discovered in mozambique and ghana, dadtco has partnered one of the world’s largest breweries, to create cassava beer this has replaced the popular ingredient, malted barley with cassava cake.
Cassava isn't afraid of a changing climate cassava is currently the sixth most produced crop in terms of global production, and is the staple for millions of people in the poorest and most marginal regions of the world. Cassava has become a multipurpose crop that responds to the priorities of developing countries, to trends in the global economy and to the challenge of climate change. Cassava — a woody shrub cultivated for its edible, starchy, tuberous root — is a major staple in nigeria, the world’s largest producer of the crop drought tolerant and carbohydrate rich, cassava is a lifeline to the country’s 30 million smallholders who produce 90% of the country’s annual output of over 53 million metric tonnes.
Cassava is currently the sixth most produced crop in terms of global production, and is the staple for millions of people in the poorest and most marginal regions of the world cassava is a perennial woody shrub with an edible root, which grows in tropical and subtropical areas of the world it is also called yuca, manioc, and mandioca. Cassava is usually intercropped with vegetables, plantation crops (such as coconut, oil palm, and coffee), yam, sweet potato, melon, maize, rice, groundnut, or other legumes the application of fertilizer remains limited among small-scale farmers due to the high cost and lack of availability. Cassava (manihot esculenta) production is vital to the economy of nigeria as the country is the world's largest producer of the commodity the crop is produced in 24 of the country's 36 states in 1999, nigeria produced 33 million tonnes, while a decade later, it produced approximately 45 million tonnes, which is almost 19% of production in the world.
Africa is the world's largest producer of cassava, accounting for 57 percent of a crop that some 800 million people around the world rely on the plant's starchy, tuberous root is the third largest source of carbohydrates in tropical countries and a vital food for many subsistence farmers.
Cassava is a tropical root crop, requiring at least 8 months of warm weather to produce a crop it is traditionally grown in a savanna climate, but can be grown in extremes of rainfall in moist areas it does not tolerate flooding.